It is perhaps a common misconception that if modern technology has given us the thrilling opportunity to explore the four corners of the galaxy – well, namely the Moon, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn – it should denote that there isn’t that much left to discover on Earth. However, there still remain places that are largely mysterious and barely charted, and if you have a passion for new destinations or fancy yourself a bit of a David Attenborough, you might want to consider these untouched gems for your next holiday… if you dare.
Tristan da Cuhna
Tristan da Cuhna is a group of four volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean. Truth be told, the archipelago is considered to be one of the most remote islands on the planet; the nearest coast of South Africa is 2816Km away. This isolated area has no mammals or reptiles, but the main wildlife treasure of the island is the world’s smallest extant flightless bird, called the Inaccessible Island Rail.
The country is located in the south west of the African continent. Being situated between the Namib and the Kalahari deserts, there’s no wonder why the landscape of Namibia has saved its pristine wilderness. Namibia is one of the least populated places in the world; it has a population of 2.1 million people with a density of only 2.56 people per square kilometre. The desert is home to a quarter of all cheetahs in the world; there are around 2,500 left. In fact, Namibia is the first and only country to include the protection of the natural world in the governmental constitution. The desert land is known for its giant sand dunes, ancient rock paintings, craters and waterfalls.
Greenland Ice Sheet
Don’t let the name deceive you. Greenland has the second largest ice sheet the world (after the Antarctic), and the island is 80% covered with ice. Heavy winds and freezing temperatures render the land one of the least explored on Earth. However, scientists spend months trekking the local glaciers, with a distinct possibility of finding ice-bound life on Earth.
It is a known fact that oceans are the least explored part of our planet, as nearly 95% of the deep blue remains unseen by human eyes. But the least ventured part of the oceans is world-famous Mariana Trench. Located in the western Pacific Ocean, it is 2550Km long and 60Km wide. Challenger Deep is the deepest known point on Earth, with a depth of more than 10,000Km. It is located in the south-western part of Mariana Trench. This place has only been visited by three people: Jacques Picard and Donald Walsh in 1960, and James Cameron in 2012. You won’t find Jack Dawson down there, sweetie.
The Northeastern Siberia
Siberia is known for its harsh environment and climate. Winters are long with freezing temperatures, and summers are very cool. Although this region is responsible for approximately 70% of Russia’s land space, it holds under 30% of Russia’s total population. This region is the worst for Russian agriculture, since it’s too cold, and its subsoil is permanently frozen. But it’s not all horrific. This area is lavishly endowed with natural resources: oil, natural gas, gold and diamonds, to name but a few. Still, due to its unfavourable climate, Siberia remains one of the least explored places in the world.
The Amazon Rainforest
Even though we’re losing acres of the Amazon rainforest daily due to the sustainable development of the Amazon region, Amazonia remains a mystery which holds a vast amount of untouched land. This is a treasure trove of biodiversity with the most species-rich biome in the world. It holds over 50% of the planet’s remaining rainforests with incredibly rich ecosystems that play a key role in the basic functioning of the planet.