The Maltese cart ruts have perplexed the minds of many archaeologists.

Unlike other cart ruts found elsewhere in the world, those found on the Maltese Islands raise many more questions. These mysteriously enigmatic parallel grooves are noticed on the hard rock of the two biggest Maltese Islands in around 150 various locations. Where does the mystery lie, one may ask.

It lies in the fact that there’s no answer to why, when, and how the grooved tracks had originated. Despite many decades of archaeological studies, the questions still remain unanswered.

Due to the high level of disagreement amongst many archaeologists, the date of the origin of the mysterious cart ruts has been debated for many years. Some have suggested that the first appearance happened during the Roman times, whereas others claim that the formation had taken place earlier during the Bronze Age settlement. It’s also been argued that the first origin occurred in the 1530 AD with the Knights of St John.


Another speculation that enhances further confusion is that of the tracks’ characteristics. The depth and size of the cuts differ substantially, and some are shaped as a ‘U’, while others take the form of a ‘V’. The ruts tend to suddenly disappear at the edges of cliffs and continue under the sea level, with St George’s Bay in Birżebugga being a case in point. What drives further curiosity is the fact that these tracks don’t lead to any specific history-related destinations, but are rather random.




Various assumptions have also been made related to the use of the unusual phenomenon. Years of research indicate that archaeologists have exhibited a keen interest in the possibility of vehicle technology and transport motives. Furthermore, the paired tracks have fueled the assumption and our shared belief that the formation is a result of heavy wheeled carts that carried weighty goods. However, despite the fact that some theories persuasively demonstrate this purpose, several observers remain unconvinced.



According to a British archaeologist David Trump, the theory of wheeled vehicle use doesn’t go hand in hand with the practice of historical cultures of that era. For instance, one of the most common methods of transportation of goods used to be either fully-loaded animal burden or human porterage – neither of which could explain the shape of the ground ruts.

Moreover, the small size of the islands makes it highly unlikely that the traffic or the carts were also heavy to that degree. Additionally, other researchers observed that the sharp turns of the tracks only add to the mystery of how the vehicles may have moved.

Although many other theories have been proposed, they’re still arguable and lead to no answers. So could it be that Malta’s cart ruts have been formed through fire when the encounters of the third kind were landing their spacecraft? Maybe your imagination will solve one of the biggest mysteries of the world!